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Pluronic-P123-Templated Synthesis of Silica with Cubic Ia3d Structure in the Presence of Micelle Swelling Agent.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Langmuir
0743-7463
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Volume
31
Issue
27
Pages
7623–7632
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b01182
PMID: 26090923
Source
Medline

Abstract

The syntheses of silicas with highly ordered cubic Ia3d structure templated by Pluronic P123 (EO20PO70EO20) block copolymer surfactant and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) additive in the presence of swelling agents are demonstrated. It was found that the cubic Ia3d silica forms at 25 °C when a moderate amount of a swelling agent, such as 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene (TIPB), 1,4-diisopropylbenzene (DIPB), or 1,3,5-triethylbenzene (TEB), is added. However, 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene was not found suitable, suggesting that the success of the synthesis requires a careful selection of a swelling agent. An increase in the relative amount of the swelling agent in a limited range tends to cause an increase in the unit-cell size, while a further unit cell parameter increase can be accomplished with TIPB through a concomitant decrease in the synthesis temperature and increase in the relative amount of the swelling agent. Many of the cubic Ia3d products, including those with the largest attained unit-cell sizes, were highly ordered. When TIPB was used as a swelling agent, the products typically had unusually high mesopore volumes. The latter was largely independent of the ratio of the silica precursor to the Pluronic P123 surfactant for high quality products obtained under particular conditions, which suggests that the cubic Ia3d structure forms at a nearly constant silica-to-surfactant ratio.

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