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[Pleuritis in yellow nail syndrome].

Authors
  • Kossakowski, C A
  • Schmiegelow, P
  • Müller, K-M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Der Pathologe
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2012
Volume
33
Issue
2
Pages
142–145
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00292-011-1539-7
PMID: 22048329
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A 76-year-old man presented clinically with coughing and shortness of breath and was diagnosed radiologically to have massive pleural effusion as a combined feature of yellow nail syndrome. A lung biopsy was taken and revealed histologically: chronic non-specific inflammation in the pleuropulmonary border, intrapleural edema with eightfold pleural thickening in comparison to normal, angiogenesis in both the nutritive and functional intrapleural blood vessels, no abnormalities of lymphatic vessels with normal topographical distribution as detected by immunohistochemistry for antibody D2-40, granulomatous chronic foreign body reaction as a consequence of pleural effusion therapy by talcum pleurodesis.The histopathological findings of chronic non-specific pleuritis with angiogenesis and increased permeability of blood vessels led to massive intrapleural edema with pleural effusion. Abnormalities of lymphatic vessels could not be confirmed. Considering the features of this disease, they are probably secondary to chronic r infectious or immunological inflammation or paraneoplastic complications with angiogenesis (in about 19%).

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