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Platelet function testing in patients with post-operative tonsillectomy bleeding may be a useful early identifier of inherited platelet function disorders.

Authors
  • James, T W1
  • Thomson, B J2
  • Naumann, D N1
  • Stevenson, D S2
  • 1 Department of Otolaryngology, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, UK.
  • 2 Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Christchurch Hospital, New Zealand. , (New Zealand)
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Publication Date
Oct 05, 2020
Pages
1–5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/S0022215120002030
PMID: 33016256
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Post-tonsillectomy bleeding is the most frequent complication of tonsillectomy. Inherited platelet function disorders have an estimated prevalence of 1 per cent. Any association between post-tonsillectomy bleeds and undiagnosed inherited platelet function disorders has not been investigated before. To assess the prevalence of inherited platelet function disorders in a cohort of post-tonsillectomy bleed patients. An observational cohort study was conducted using hospital digital records. Platelet function analyser 100 ('PFA-100') closure time was tested on post-tonsillectomy bleed patients who presented to hospital. Between 2013 and 2017, 9 of 91 post-tonsillectomy bleed patients who underwent platelet function analyser 100 testing (9.89 per cent) had positive results. Five patients (5.49 per cent) had undiagnosed inherited platelet function disorders. Four patients had false positive results secondary to a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug effect (specificity of 95.3 per cent) proven by repeat testing six weeks later, off medication. The false negative rate was 0 per cent. The prevalence of inherited platelet function disorders in our post-tonsillectomy bleed cohort is five-fold higher than in the general population. Platelet function analyser 100 testing when patients present with a post-tonsillectomy bleed allows management of their inherited platelet function disorder.

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