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Plant-microbe Interactions for Sustainable Agriculture in the Post-genomic Era

Authors
  • Agrahari, Raj Kishan
  • Singh, Prashantee
  • Koyama, Hiroyuki
  • Panda, Sanjib Kumar
Type
Published Article
Journal
Current Genomics
Publisher
Bentham Science Publishers
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2020
Volume
21
Issue
3
Pages
168–178
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2174/1389202921999200505082116
PMID: 33071611
PMCID: PMC7521031
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Plant-microbe interactions are both symbiotic and antagonistic, and the knowledge of both these interactions is equally important for the progress of agricultural practice and produce. This review gives an insight into the recent advances that have been made in the plant-microbe interaction study in the post-genomic era and the application of those for enhancing agricultural production. Adoption of next-generation sequencing (NGS) and marker assisted selection of resistant genes in plants, equipped with cloning and recombination techniques, has progressed the techniques for the development of resistant plant varieties by leaps and bounds. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of both plants and microbes have made the selection of desirable traits in plants and manipulation of the genomes of both plants and microbes effortless and less time-consuming. Stress tolerance in plants has been shown to be accentuated by association of certain microorganisms with the plant, the study and application of the same have helped develop stress-resistant varieties of crops. Beneficial microbes associated with plants are being extensively used for the development of microbial consortia that can be applied directly to the plants or the soil. Next-generation sequencing approaches have made it possible to identify the function of microbes associated in the plant microbiome that are both culturable and non-culturable, thus opening up new doors and possibilities for the use of these huge resources of microbes that can have a potential impact on agriculture.

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