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Plant root-microbe communication in shaping root microbiomes

Authors
  • Lareen, Andrew1
  • Burton, Frances1
  • Schäfer, Patrick1, 2
  • 1 University of Warwick, School of Life Sciences, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK , Coventry (United Kingdom)
  • 2 University of Warwick, Warwick Integrative Synthetic Biology Centre, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK , Coventry (United Kingdom)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Plant Molecular Biology
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Publication Date
Jan 04, 2016
Volume
90
Issue
6
Pages
575–587
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11103-015-0417-8
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

A growing body of research is highlighting the impacts root-associated microbial communities can have on plant health and development. These impacts can include changes in yield quantity and quality, timing of key developmental stages and tolerance of biotic and abiotic stresses. With such a range of effects it is clear that understanding the factors that contribute to a plant-beneficial root microbiome may prove advantageous. Increasing demands for food by a growing human population increases the importance and urgency of understanding how microbiomes may be exploited to increase crop yields and reduce losses caused by disease. In addition, climate change effects may require novel approaches to overcoming abiotic stresses such as drought and salinity as well as new emerging diseases. This review discusses current knowledge on the formation and maintenance of root-associated microbial communities and plant–microbe interactions with a particular emphasis on the effect of microbe–microbe interactions on the shape of microbial communities at the root surface. Further, we discuss the potential for root microbiome modification to benefit agriculture and food production.

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