Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Avian Influenza A Virus Associations in Wild, Terrestrial Mammals: A Review of Potential Synanthropic Vectors to Poultry Facilities.

Authors
  • Root, Jeffrey1
  • Shriner, Susan1
  • 1 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services, National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Viruses
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Nov 26, 2020
Volume
12
Issue
12
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/v12121352
PMID: 33256041
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The potential role of wild mammals in the epidemiology of influenza A viruses (IAVs) at the farm-side level has gained increasing consideration over the past two decades. In some instances, select mammals may be more likely to visit riparian areas (both close and distant to farms) as well as poultry farms, as compared to traditional reservoir hosts, such as waterfowl. Of significance, many mammalian species can successfully replicate and shed multiple avian IAVs to high titers without prior virus adaptation and often can shed virus in greater quantities than synanthropic avian species. Within this review, we summarize and discuss the potential risks that synanthropic mammals could pose by trafficking IAVs to poultry operations based on current and historic literature.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times