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Plant Health and Sound Vibration: Analyzing Implications of the Microbiome in Grape Wine Leaves

Authors
  • Wassermann, Birgit
  • Korsten, Lise
  • Berg, Gabriele
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pathogens
Publisher
MDPI
Publication Date
Jan 12, 2021
Volume
10
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/pathogens10010063
PMID: 33445765
PMCID: PMC7828301
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Understanding the plant microbiome is a key for plant health and controlling pathogens. Recent studies have shown that plants are responsive towards natural and synthetic sound vibration (SV) by perception and signal transduction, which resulted in resistance towards plant pathogens. However, whether or not native plant microbiomes respond to SV and the underlying mechanism thereof remains unknown. Within the present study we compared grapevine-associated microbiota that was perpetually exposed to classical music with a non-exposed control group from the same vineyard in Stellenbosch, South Africa. By analyzing the 16S rRNA gene and ITS fragment amplicon libraries we found differences between the core microbiome of SV-exposed leaves and the control group. For several of these different genera, e.g., Bacillus, Kocuria and Sphingomonas , a host-beneficial or pathogen-antagonistic effect has been well studied. Moreover, abundances of taxa identified as potential producers of volatile organic compounds that contribute to sensory characteristics of wines, e.g., Methylobacterium , Sphingomonas , Bacillus and Sporobolomyces roseus , were either increased or even unique within the core music-exposed phyllosphere population. Results show an as yet unexplored avenue for improved plant health and the terroir of wine, which are important for environmentally friendly horticulture and consumer appreciation. Although our findings explain one detail of the long-term positive experience to improve grapevine’s resilience by this unusual but innovative technique, more mechanistic studies are necessary to understand the whole interplay.

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