Objective: The study aimed to investigate the association between placental growth factor (PlGF) and adverse obstetric outcomes in a mixed-risk cohort of pregnant women screened for preeclampsia (PE) in the first trimester. Methods: We included women with singleton pregnancies screened for PE between April 2014 and September 2016. Outcome data were retrieved from the New South Wales Perinatal Data Collection (NSW PDC) by linkage to the prenatal cohort. Adverse outcomes were defined as spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) before 37-week gestation, birth weight (BW) below the 3rd centile, PE, gestational hypertension (GH), stillbirth, and neonatal death. Results: The cohort consisted of 11,758 women. PlGF multiple of the median (MoM) was significantly associated with maternal sociodemographic characteristics (particularly smoking status and parity) and all biomarkers used in the PE first trimester screening model (notably pregnancy-associated plasma protein A MoM and uterine artery pulsatility index [PI] MoM). Low levels of PlGF (<0.3 MoM and <0.5 MoM) were independently associated with sPTB, low BW, PE, GH, and a composite adverse pregnancy outcome score, with odds ratios between 1.81 and 4.44 on multivariable logistic regression analyses. Conclusions: Low PlGF MoM levels are independently associated with PE and a range of other adverse pregnancy outcomes. Inclusion of PlGF should be considered in future models screening for adverse pregnancy outcomes in the first trimester.