Nicotine is the main addictive substance in tobacco and its addictive effects mainly involve dopamine. Nicotine is mainly metabolized (C-oxidation) in the liver to cotinine by the cytochrome P450 enzyme system. Nicotine half-life is short being about 2hours. Nicotine metabolism appears to be increased during pregnancy, mainly due to an increased cytochrome activity and maternal cardiac output. Thus, the smoking behavior of the pregnant woman is subsequently modified with an increase in withdrawal syndromes and an increased desire to smoke. These pharmacological elements should be taken into account when prescribing nicotine replacement therapy. Regarding the markers of tobacco intoxication, there is a good correlation between the importance of smoking and the measurement of expired air carbon monoxide. Although there is no evidence of decreased obstetrical complications related to its use, it is simple and non-invasive and therefore may be useful in routine practice. It gives an instantaneous value of tobacco intoxication, and represents a starting point for dialogue and management and can help to highlight the reality of withdrawal. Regarding the evaluation of tobacco addiction, the most commonly used questionnaires are the Fagerström tests (FTCD, HSI…), which are well correlated with cotinine concentration. However, there is insufficient evidence of their usefulness in reducing tobacco consumption during pregnancy to recommend them in current practice. DSM-V diagnostic criteria for addiction should be known as they can also be used to characterize the intensity of this addiction. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.