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[Physicochemical factors influencing distribution of Legionella species in Japanese hot springs].

Authors
  • Sasahara, Takeshi
  • Kikuno, Ritsuko
  • Okuda, Shunji
  • Sekiguchi, Tomoko
  • Satoh, Yoshinori
  • Takayama, Yoko
  • Aoki, Masahito
  • Inoue, Matsuhisa
Type
Published Article
Journal
Kansenshōgaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2004
Volume
78
Issue
7
Pages
545–553
Identifiers
PMID: 15359886
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We examined the relationship between the distribution of Legionella bacteria and various physicochemical characteristics of hot springs in Japan. Legionella bacteria were isolated from 52 (49.5%) out of 105 water samples, particularly from outdoor hot springs (67.3%). The bacterial count in the water samples positive for Legionella (86.5%) ranged from 10(1) to < 10(3) cfu/100 mL. L. pneumophila serogroup (SG) 4 (27.8%) was predominant in the water samples, followed by SG 5 (12.2%). The pulsefield gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns of chromosomal DNA for L. pneumophila SG 4 isolated from different parts of a hot spring resort were identical. Isolation of Legionella species from hot spring waters did not occur at pH 1.8-3.3, SO4(2-): > 780 mg/L, and H2SiO3: > 146 mg/L. The hot water-recirculating systems were applied to 18 out of 20 (90%) hot spring facilities which were found positive for Legionella. These results indicate that Legionella species are widespread in hot springs throughout Japan, except for waters with a low pH and non-recirculating waters, and that a single strain of L. pneumophila SG 4 is predominant in a particular hot spring resort.

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