A radioactive liquid waste repository was found to be a habitat of the rich microbial community with a high catabolic potential. Groundwater from a depth of 162-189 m contained aerobic saprotrophic and anaerobic fermentative, sulfate-reducing, and denitrifying bacteria. Nitrate-reducing bacteria residing in this groundwater were isolated in pure cultures. Based on the results of their physiological studies, 16S rRNA sequencing, and phylogenetic analysis, the microorganisms isolated were ascribed to one phylogenetic branch, the gamma-subclass of gram-negative bacteria. Among six isolates, four belonged to the genus Acinetobacter, whereas two others belonged to the genera Comamonas and Aeromonas. The data obtained indicate that the microflora of the repository can exert a certain effect on the chemical composition of the formation fluids and bearing rocks, as well as on the migration of radionuclides.