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Physically based coupled model for simulating 1D surface-2D subsurface flow and plant water uptake in irrigation furrows. II: Model test and evaluation

  • Wöhling, T.
  • Mailhol, J.C.
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2007
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9437(2007)133:6(548)
OAI: oai:HAL:hal-00453854v1
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A physically based seasonal furrow model was developed, which comprises three modules: The one-dimensional surface flow , the two-demensional suvsurface flow, and a crop model. The modeling principle of these modules, their simulatneous coupling, and the solution strategies were described in a companion paper (Wöhling and Shmitz 2007). In the current contribution, we present the model testing with experimental data from five real-scale laboratory experiments [Hubert-Engels Laboratory (HEL)], two field experiments in Kharagpur, Eastern India (KGP), one literature data set [Flowell-wheel (FW) ]and data from three irrigation during a corn growing season in Montpellier., Southern France [Lavalette experiments (LAT)]. The simulated irrigation advance times match well with the observations of the HEL, FW and KGP experiments, which is confirmed by coefficients of determination R2 >>0.99 and coefficients of efficiency Ce > 0.7. Predicted recession times also match with observations of HEL runs, however, the values of R2> 0.9 and Ce >0.6 are lower for predicted recession times as coimpared to predicted advance times. In contrast to other experiments in the study, advance times are under predicted for experiments in France. The established soil hydraulic parameters for this site lead to an underestimation of the actual initial infiltration capability of soil. In the long-term simulation, however, the overall change in soil moisture storage is correctly predicted by the model and calculated yield of 12.8 t/ha is in very good agreement with the observations (12.7 t/ha). We evaluated the sensitivity of the input parameters with regards to predicted advance time and runoff in both a 26.4 m long furrow and a long 360 m long furrow. The analysis reveald that calculated runoff is four to five times more sensitive to the inlet flow rate than to infiltration parameters. Furrow geometry parameters are most sensitive to calculated adavance times in the short furrow with low infiltration opportunity time, whereas the inflow rate and infiltration parameters are more sensitive to calculated advance times in the long furrow with larger infiltration opportunity time.

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