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Physical performance and activity among older adults visiting primary healthcare centres in Riyadh

Authors
  • Bindawas, Saad M.1
  • Vennu, Vishal1
  • Alqarni, Ayidh M.2
  • Abdulrahman, Tariq A.1
  • 1 Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 2 Department of Physical Therapy, King Abdullah Hospital, Bisha, Saudi Arabia
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of International Medical Research
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Sep 24, 2020
Volume
48
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0300060520956895
PMID: 32967499
PMCID: PMC7521052
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective To assess physical performance (PP) and physical activity (PA) among older adults visiting primary healthcare centres (PHCCs) in Riyadh. Methods In this cross-sectional study, men and women (n = 74) aged ≥60 years were recruited from five PHCCs across Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between 19 February and 6 August 2017. The Timed Up & Go test was used to assess PP. Self-reported PA was assessed using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly. Means and standard deviations were used to describe PP and PA scores across genders. A two-tailed independent samples t-test was used to estimate mean differences (MD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) between genders. Results Men scored significantly lower than women on PP (MD: 2.11, 95% CI: 0.59 to 3.64) and PA (MD: −46.1, 95% CI: −80.96 to −11.25). Significant gender differences were observed for leisure time activities (MD: 17.35, 95% CI: 3.29 to 31.40), light household activities (MD: –10.86, 95% CI: –16.19 to –5.53) and heavy household activities (MD: –6.48, 95% CI: –11.73 to –1.23). Conclusions Men show significantly lower PP and PA than women. There are gender differences in leisure time activities and in light and heavy household activities.

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