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Physical Health, Media Use, and Mental Health in Children and Adolescents With ADHD During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Australia.

Authors
  • Sciberras, Emma1, 2, 3
  • Patel, Pooja1, 2
  • Stokes, Mark A1
  • Coghill, David2, 3, 4
  • Middeldorp, Christel M5, 6
  • Bellgrove, Mark A7
  • Becker, Stephen P8, 9
  • Efron, Daryl2, 3, 4
  • Stringaris, Argyris10
  • Faraone, Stephen V11
  • Bellows, Susannah T1
  • Quach, Jon2, 3
  • Banaschewski, Tobias12
  • McGillivray, Jane1
  • Hutchinson, Delyse1, 2, 3, 13
  • Silk, Tim J1, 2, 3
  • Melvin, Glenn1
  • Wood, Amanda G1, 2, 14
  • Jackson, Anna1, 2
  • Loram, George1
  • And 3 more
  • 1 Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 2 Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, VIC, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 3 University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 4 The Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, VIC, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 5 Child Health Research Centre, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 6 Child and Youth Mental Health Service, Children's Health Queensland Hospital and Health Service, Brisbane, QLD, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 7 Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 8 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, OH, USA.
  • 9 University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH, USA.
  • 10 National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, MD, USA.
  • 11 State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, USA.
  • 12 Central Institute of Mental Health, Heidelberg University, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 13 University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 14 School of Life Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, UK.
  • 15 Judith Lumley Centre, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC, Australia. , (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Attention Disorders
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2022
Volume
26
Issue
4
Pages
549–562
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1087054720978549
PMID: 33331195
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To examine the impact of COVID-19 restrictions among children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Parents of 213 Australian children (5-17 years) with ADHD completed a survey in May 2020 when COVID-19 restrictions were in place (i.e., requiring citizens to stay at home except for essential reasons). Compared to pre-pandemic, children had less exercise (Odds Ratio (OR) = 0.4; 95% CI 0.3-0.6), less outdoor time (OR = 0.4; 95% 0.3-0.6), and less enjoyment in activities (OR = 6.5; 95% CI 4.0-10.4), while television (OR = 4.0; 95% CI 2.5-6.5), social media (OR = 2.4; 95% CI 1.3-4.5), gaming (OR = 2.0; 95% CI 1.3-3.0), sad/depressed mood (OR = 1.8; 95% CI 1.2-2.8), and loneliness (OR = 3.6; 95% CI 2.3-5.5) were increased. Child stress about COVID-19 restrictions was associated with poorer functioning across most domains. Most parents (64%) reported positive changes for their child including more family time. COVID-19 restrictions were associated with both negative and positive impacts among children with ADHD.

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