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Physical, biochemical and cytological characteristics of the equine temporomandibular joint synovial fluid

  • Fonseca, Fernanda Assis
  • Zambrano, Roberto dos Santos
  • Dias, Gláucia Mansur Balsamão
  • Lima, Eduardo Maurício Mendes de
  • Alves, Geraldo Eleno Silveira
  • Godoy, Roberta Ferro de
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2009
Repositório Institucional da Universidade de Brasília
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Physical, biochemical and cytological characteristics of the temporomandibular joint synovial fluid were studied in ten clinically normal horses. It is a viscous, pale yellow, clear fluid and without flocculent material at room temperature. There was blood contamination in three samples, they presented red-yellow to red and cloudy. The range of glucose levels were 100 to 250 and its protein concentration was up to 3,8g/dL. Nucleated cells mean number was 417 cells/µL, with predominating large mononuclear cells and lymphocytes. Equine temporomandibular synovial fluids can be easily evaluated, being feasible in clinical and surgical routine, and the information may be useful to the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of animals with temporomandibular alterations.

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