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Phylogenies of glutathione transferase families.

Authors
  • Pearson, William R
Type
Published Article
Journal
G Protein Coupled Receptors - Structure
Publisher
Elsevier BV
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2005
Volume
401
Pages
186–204
Identifiers
PMID: 16399387
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The best known glutathione transferase family, with its class-alpha, -mu, -pi, -omega, -sigma, -theta, and -zeta subdivisions, is only one of four, or perhaps five, ancient protein families that conjugate glutathione or use a glutathione intermediate: (1) the cytoplasmic family, (2) the mitochondrial (kappa) family, (3) the microsomal (MAPEG) family, which may actually be two separate families, and (4) the fosphomycin/glyoxalase family. Although the cytoplasmic family is perhaps the most diverse, all four of these families have homologs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes; it is striking that at least three, and perhaps as many as five, different protein folds capable of binding and positioning glutathione for a nucleophilic attack emerged more than 2 billion years ago. This chapter presents phylogenies for the four (or five) glutathione transferase families, focusing on the statistical evidence for homology (and non-homology).

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