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Phylogenetic analysis of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from asymptomatic guinea fowls (Numida meleagris) and Muscovy ducks (Cariana moscata) in Nigeria.

Authors
  • Solomon, Ponman
  • Bisschop, Shahn
  • Joannis, Tony Manuel
  • Shittu, Ismail
  • Meseko, Clement
  • Sulaiman, Lanre
  • Gado, Dorcas
  • Oladokun, Agnes Tinuke
  • Olawuyi, Kayode Abraham
  • Abolnik, Celia
Type
Published Article
Journal
Tropical Animal Health and Production
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2013
Volume
45
Issue
1
Pages
53–57
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11250-012-0173-6
PMID: 22618191
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Four Newcastle disease virus isolates were recovered from asymptomatic guinea fowl (Numida meleagris galeata) and Muscovy ducks (Cariana moscata). For the purpose of molecular identification and phylogeny, phylogenetic characterization was performed to identify the pathotypes. All four viruses had a cleavage motif (112)RRQKRF(117) which is characteristic of virulent strains. The isolates grouped with viruses previously reported as sub-lineage 5 g from chickens in Nigeria. This study report for the first time the identification of the virulent sub-lineage 5 g Newcastle disease virus from apparently healthy guinea fowl and domestic ducks in Nigeria, and since infections were sub-clinical, it suggest that these species could play a role in the spread and transmission of virulent Newcastle disease virus that can infect other poultry. The isolation and identification of virulent Newcastle disease virus in these unusual hosts and the high sequence similarity (99.3-100 %) between viruses in this study with strains reported for Niger and Cameroun gives insights into the ecology of virulent Newcastle disease viruses and suggests some cross-border movement and trade in live poultry.

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