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Photoluminescence sidebands of carbon nanotubes below the bright singlet excitonic levels: Coupling between dark excitons and K-point phonons

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Published Article
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DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.79.195407
Source
arXiv
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Abstract

We performed detailed photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy studies of three different types of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) by using samples that contain essentially only one chiral type of SWNT, (6,5), (7,5), or (10,5). The observed PL spectra unambiguously show the existence of an emission sideband at ~ 145 meV below the lowest singlet excitonic (E11) level, whose identity and origin are now under debate. We find that the energy separation between the E11 level and the sideband is almost independent of the SWNT diameter. Based on this, we ascribe the origin of the observed sideband to coupling between K-point LO phonons and dipole-forbidden dark excitons, as recently suggested based on the measurement of (6,5) SWNTs.

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