KvLQT1 and hERG are the α-subunits of the voltage-gated K+ channels which carry the cardiac repolarizing currents IKs and IKr, respectively. These currents function in vivo with some redundancy to maintain appropriate action potential durations (APDs) in cardiomyocytes. As such, protein-protein interactions between hERG and KvLQT1 may be important in normal cardiac electrophysiology, as well as in arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. Previous phenomenological observations of functional, mutual downregulation between these complementary repolarizing currents in transgenic rabbit models and human cell culture motivate our investigations into protein-protein interactions between hERG and KvLQT1. Previous data suggest that a dynamic, physical interaction between hERG and KvLQT1 modulates the respective currents. However, the mechanism by which hERG-KvLQT1 interactions are regulated is still poorly understood. Phosphorylation is proposed to play a role since modifying the phosphorylation state of each protein has been shown to alter channel kinetics, and both hERG and KvLQT1 are targets of the Ser/Thr protein kinase PKA, activated by elevated intracellular cAMP. In this work, quantitative apFRET analyses of phosphonull and phosphomimetic hERG and KvLQT1 mutants indicate that unphosphorylated hERG does not interact with KvLQT1, suggesting that hERG phosphorylation is important for wild-type proteins to interact. For proteins already potentially interacting, phosphorylation of KvLQT1 appears to be the driving factor abrogating hERG-KvLQT1 interaction. This work increases our knowledge about hERG-KvLQT1 interactions, which may contribute to the efforts to elucidate mechanisms that underlie many types of arrhythmias, and also further characterizes novel protein-protein interactions between two distinct potassium channel families. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.