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Phosphorylation-dependent structure of ATF4 peptides derived from a human ATF4 protein, a member of the family of transcription factors.

Authors
  • Pons, Julien
  • Evrard-Todeschi, Nathalie
  • Gildas Bertho
  • Gharbi-Benarous, Josyane
  • Benarous, Richard
  • Girault, Jean-Pierre
Type
Published Article
Journal
JAMA Dermatology
Publisher
American Medical Association
Publication Date
December 2007
Volume
28
Issue
12
Pages
2253–2267
Identifiers
PMID: 17996332
Source
USPC - SET - SVS
License
Unknown

Abstract

ATF4 plays a crucial role in the cellular response to stress and the F-box protein beta-TrCP, the receptor component of the SCF E3 ubiquitin ligase responsible for ATF4 degradation by the proteasome, binds to ATF4, and controls its stability. Association between the two proteins depends on ATF4 phosphorylation of serine residues 219 and 224 present in the context of DpSGXXXpS, which is similar but not identical to the DpSGXXpS motif found in most other substrates of beta-TrCP. We used NMR spectroscopy to analyze the structure of the 23P-ATF4 peptide. The 3D structure of the ligand was determined on the basis of NOESY restraints that provide an hairpin loop structure. In contrast, no ordered structure was observed in the NMR experiments for the nonphosphorylated 23-ATF4 in solution. This structural study provides information, which could be used to study the beta-TrCP receptor-ligand interaction in docking procedure. Docking studies showed that the binding epitope of the ligand, is represented by the DpSGIXXpSXE motif. 23P-ATF4 peptide fits the binding pocket of protein beta-TrCP very well, considering that the DpSGIXXpSXE motif adopts an S-turning conformation contrary to the extended DpSGXXpS motif in the other known beta-TrCP ligands.

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