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Phosphoinositide binding by par-3 involved in par-3 localization.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cell Structure and Function
1347-3700
Publisher
Japan Society for Cell Biology
Publication Date
Volume
36
Issue
1
Pages
97–102
Identifiers
PMID: 21467691
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Electrostatic interactions between lipids and proteins control many cellular events. We found that phospholipids, including phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate, bound to the C-terminal coiled-coil region of par-3 at conserved, basic residues. We identified K1013 and K1014 as the phosphoinositide binding site, because the K1013E/K1014E mutation of rat par-3 abolished its lipid binding. Importantly, the K1013E/K1014E par-3 mutant exhibited significantly weaker localization at the cell-cell junctions than the wild-type par-3. Fluorescence recovery after photo-bleaching analyses confirmed the faster turnover of mutant par-3 at cell-cell junctions. The treatment of cells with an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases partially increased the turnover of par-3. These data suggested that the putative phospholipid binding by par-3 is important for its localization at cell-cell junctions.

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