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Phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent mannitol phosphotransferase system of Escherichia coli: overexpression, purification, and characterization of the enzymatically active C-terminal domain of enzyme IImtl equivalent to enzyme IIImtl.

Authors
  • van Weeghel, R P
  • Meyer, G H
  • Keck, W
  • Robillard, G T
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemistry
Publication Date
Feb 19, 1991
Volume
30
Issue
7
Pages
1774–1779
Identifiers
PMID: 1993192
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The extreme C-terminus (Ser-490 to Lys-637) of the Escherichia coli EIImtl was subcloned to test structural and mechanistic proposals about the existence of an EIII-like domain in this enzyme. Oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis was used to produce a unique NcoI restriction site and, at the same time, to change Ser-490 into methionine in a flexible region in front of the proposed EIII-like domain. The 16-kDa C-terminal domain (CI) was overexpressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and analyzed in vitro for catalytic activity in the presence of an EIImtl mutated at its first phosphorylation site, His-554 (EII-H554A). The results presented show that this domain can be expressed as a structurally stable, enzymatically active entity which is able to restore the PEP-dependent phosphorylation activity of the mutant EIImtl-H554A to 25% of wild-type levels. To demonstrate the EIII activity of the CI domain in a more direct way, we also substituted it for EIIImtl in the Staphylococcus carnosus system. The CI domain was active in transferring the phosphoryl group to Staph. carnosus EII; however, it was 6.5 times less active compared to Staph. carnosus EIIImtl itself. EIIImtl from Staph. carnosus, on the other hand, was able to substitute for the isolated C-terminal domain in the E. coli mannitol phosphorylation assay; however, it appeared to be 2 or 3 times less effective.

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