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Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate is required for invasive growth in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Authors
  • Guillas, Isabelle
  • Vernay, Aurélia
  • Vitagliano, Jean-Jacques
  • Arkowitz, Robert A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Cell Science
Publisher
The Company of Biologists
Publication Date
Aug 15, 2013
Volume
126
Issue
Pt 16
Pages
3602–3614
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1242/jcs.122606
PMID: 23781030
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Phosphatidylinositol phosphates are important regulators of processes such as the cytoskeleton organization, membrane trafficking and gene transcription, which are all crucial for polarized cell growth. In particular, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2] has essential roles in polarized growth as well as in cellular responses to stress. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the sole phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase (PI4P5K) Mss4p is essential for generating plasma membrane PtdIns(4,5)P2. Here, we show that Mss4p is required for yeast invasive growth in low-nutrient conditions. We isolated specific mss4 mutants that were defective in cell elongation, induction of the Flo11p flocculin, adhesion and cell wall integrity. We show that mss4-f12 cells have reduced plasma membrane PtdIns(4,5)P2 levels as well as a defect in its polarized distribution, yet Mss4-f12p is catalytically active in vitro. In addition, the Mss4-f12 protein was defective in localizing to the plasma membrane. Furthermore, addition of cAMP, but not an activated MAPKKK allele, partially restored the invasive growth defect of mss4-f12 cells. Taken together, our results indicate that plasma membrane PtdIns(4,5)P2 is crucial for yeast invasive growth and suggest that this phospholipid functions upstream of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase A signaling pathway.

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