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Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and NF-kappaB regulate motility of invasive MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells by the secretion of urokinase-type plasminogen activator.

Authors
  • Sliva, Daniel
  • Rizzo, Maria T
  • English, Denis
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of biological chemistry
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2002
Volume
277
Issue
5
Pages
3150–3157
Identifiers
PMID: 11689575
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Cell migration is a fundamental aspect of the neoplastic cell metastasis. Here, we show that phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase is constitutively active and controls cell motility of highly invasive breast cancer cells by the activation of transcription factor, NF-kappaB. The urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) promoter contains an NF-kappaB binding site, and uPA expression in MDA-MB-231 cells is induced by the constitutively active NF-kappaB. Thus, motility was inhibited by overexpression of a dominant negative p85alpha regulatory subunit of PI 3-kinase (p85DN), as well as by pretreatment of cells with specific inhibitors of the p110 catalytic subunit of PI 3-kinase, wortmannin and LY294002. The involvement of gene transcription in cell motility was suggested because treatment with actinomycin D and cycloheximide, which inhibit transcription and new protein synthesis, respectively, abolished endogenous migration of MDA-MB-231 cells. Although wortmannin, Ly294002, or overexpression of p85DN did not significantly reduce DNA binding activity of NF-kappaB in nuclear extracts, wortmannin, Ly294002, and the overexpression of p85DN or IkappaBalpha inhibited constitutive activation of NF-kappaB in a reporter gene assay. Highly invasive MDA-MB-231 cells constitutively secreted uPA in amounts significantly higher than poorly invasive MCF-7 cells. Furthermore, inhibition of NF-kappaB markedly attenuated endogenous migration, and inhibition of PI 3-kinase and NF-kappaB reduced secretion of uPA. Our data suggest a link between constitutively active PI 3-kinase, NF-kappaB, and secretion of uPA, which is responsible for the migration of highly invasive breast cancer cells. Thus, constitutively active PI 3-kinase controls cell motility by the regulation of expression of uPA through the activation of NF-kappaB.

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