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Phone Merging for Code-switched Speech Recognition

  • Sivasankaran, Sunit
  • Srivastava, Brij Mohan Lal
  • Sitaram, Sunayana
  • Bali, Kalika
  • Choudhury, Monojit
Publication Date
Jul 15, 2018
Kaleidoscope Open Archive
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Speakers in multilingual communities often switch between or mix multiple languages in the same conversation. Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) of code-switched speech faces many challenges including the influence of phones of different languages on each other. This paper shows evidence that phone sharing between languages improves the Acoustic Model performance for Hindi-English code-switched speech. We compare base-line system built with separate phones for Hindi and English with systems where the phones were manually merged based on linguistic knowledge. Encouraged by the improved ASR performance after manually merging the phones, we further investigate multiple data-driven methods to identify phones to be merged across the languages. We show detailed analysis of automatic phone merging in this language pair and the impact it has on individual phone accuracies and WER. Though the best performance gain of 1.2% WER was observed with manually merged phones, we show experimentally that the manual phone merge is not optimal.

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