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Phase II validation study of the rK39 ELISA prototype for the diagnosis of canine visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil

  • Medeiros, Fernanda Alvarenga Cardoso
  • Souza Filho, Job Alves de
  • Barbosa, José Ronaldo
  • Donato, Lucas Edel
  • Figueiredo, Fabiano Borges
  • Werneck, Guilherme Loureiro
  • Paz, Gustavo Fontes
  • Thompson, Mayerson
  • Marcelino, Andreza Pain
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Scientific Electronic Library Online - Brazil
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Abstract: Dogs are the main reservoirs in the domestic transmission cycle of visceral leishmaniasis, and the diagnosis is essential for the effectiveness of the control measures recommended by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. We assessed the diagnostic performance of the ELISA-Vetlisa/BIOCLIN prototype with serum samples from 200 dogs, in triplicate, including symptomatic, oligosymptomatic, asymptomatic, and healthy dogs, originated by two distinct panels (A and B) characterized by parasitological tests as the reference standard. In this study, the prototype kit showed a 99% sensitivity (95%CI: 94.5-100.0) and a 100% specificity (95%CI: 96.4-100.0). The sensitivity of the prototype kit did not vary significantly with the clinical status of the dogs. Considering the final result classification (positive or negative), agreement between the results of repeated tests was almost perfect (kappa = 0.99; 95%CI: 0.98-1.00). ELISA-Vetlisa/BIOCLIN is a promising option for the serological diagnosis of canine visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil.

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