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A Phase II Trial of Rivoceranib, an Oral Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 2 Inhibitor, for Recurrent or Metastatic Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma.

  • Hanna, Glenn
  • Ahn, Myung-Ju
  • Muzaffar, Jameel
  • Keam, Bhumsuk
  • Bowles, Daniel
  • Wong, Deborah
  • Ho, Alan
  • Kim, Sung-Bae
  • Worden, Francis
  • Yun, Tak
  • Meng, Xianzhang
  • Van Tornout, Jan
  • Conlan, Maureen
  • Kang, Hyunseok
Publication Date
Nov 14, 2023
eScholarship - University of California
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PURPOSE: This open-label, single-arm, phase II study evaluated the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) rivoceranib in patients with recurrent or metastatic (R/M) adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients had confirmed disease progression per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) with ≥20% increase in radiologically or clinically measurable lesions or appearance of new lesions within the preceding 6 months. Patients received oral rivoceranib 700 mg once daily. Primary outcomes were objective response rate (ORR) by investigator review and by blinded independent review committee (BIRC). RESULTS: Eighty patients were enrolled and 72 were efficacy evaluable. Seventy-four patients had distant metastases and 49 received prior systemic treatment (14 received VEGFR TKIs). Per investigator and BIRC, respectively, ORR was 15.3% [95% confidence interval (95% CI), 7.9-25.7] and 9.7% (95% CI, 4.0-19.0); median duration of response was 14.9 months (95% CI, 4.9-17.3) and 7.2 months (95% CI, 3.5-8.4); and median progression-free survival was 9.0 months (95% CI, 7.3-11.5) and 9.0 months (95% CI, 7.7-11.5). Grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events occurred in 56 patients (70.0%); the most common were hypertension (34, 42.5%) and stomatitis (6, 7.5%). Four grade 5 events occurred with one attributed to rivoceranib (epistaxis). Sixty-eight patients (85.0%) had ≥1 dose modifications and 16 patients (20.0%) discontinued rivoceranib for toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with progressing R/M ACC, rivoceranib demonstrated antitumor activity and a manageable safety profile consistent with other VEGFR TKIs.

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