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Pharmacotherapy of ADHD in Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Effectiveness and Side Effects.

Authors
  • Muit, J J1
  • Bothof, N2
  • Kan, C C1
  • 1 Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 2 GGZ Oost Brabant, Boekel, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Attention Disorders
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
24
Issue
2
Pages
215–225
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1087054719866255
PMID: 31625426
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective: Symptoms of ADHD are expected to be more difficult to treat in patients with a combination of ADHD and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as opposed to only ADHD. Little evidence is available on the influence of ASD on the effects of pharmacotherapy in adults with ADHD. This study addresses this gap. Method: 60 adults with ADHD and comorbid ASD were selected from an outpatient clinic and compared with 226 adults from the same clinic with only ADHD. Similar treatment regimens were received. Results: Significant decreases in symptoms of ADHD were found in both groups. A diagnosis of ASD did not affect the reduction in symptoms of ADHD. No significant group differences in side effects or vital signs were found. Conclusion: Results show that medication for ADHD can effectively and safely be prescribed to patients with ADHD and comorbid ASD. Suggestions for future research are discussed.

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