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Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Letermovir Coadministered With Cyclosporine A or Tacrolimus in Healthy Subjects.

Authors
  • Kropeit, Dirk1
  • von Richter, Oliver1
  • Stobernack, Hans-Peter1
  • Rübsamen-Schaeff, Helga1
  • Zimmermann, Holger1
  • 1 AiCuris Anti-infective Cures GmbH, Wuppertal, Germany. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinical pharmacology in drug development
Publication Date
Oct 02, 2017
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/cpdd.388
PMID: 28967706
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Letermovir is being developed for human cytomegalovirus infection treatment and prophylaxis. In patients receiving transplants, antivirals are coadministered with cyclosporine A (CsA) or tacrolimus (TAC) immunosuppressants. Therefore, we investigated the potential for letermovir-immunosuppressant interactions. In 2 phase 1 clinical trials either CsA 50 mg or TAC 5 mg was administered to healthy males. Following washout, letermovir 80 mg was dosed twice daily for 7 and 11 days in the CsA and TAC trials, respectively, with a second dose of immunosuppressant coadministered with letermovir at steady state. In addition, letermovir 40 mg twice daily was administered for 14 days, and either CsA 50 or 200 mg administered on days 7 and 14. Pharmacokinetics and tolerability were assessed. Letermovir increased CsA and TAC Cmax by 37% and 70%, respectively, and exposure by 70% and 78%, respectively, compared with immunosuppressant alone; t½ was also increased from 10.7 to 17.9 hours for CsA. CsA (50/200 mg) increased letermovir Cmax,ss (109%/167%) and AUCss,τ (126%/237%) and decreased t½ (4.33 to 3.68/3.04 hours) versus letermovir alone. TAC did not significantly affect letermovir pharmacokinetics. All treatments were well tolerated. Concomitant letermovir increased TAC and CsA exposure. CsA altered letermovir pharmacokinetics, whereas TAC did not.

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