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Pharmacokinetics of alfentanil and clinical responses during cardiac surgery.

Authors
  • Robbins, G R
  • Wynands, J E
  • Whalley, D G
  • Donati, F
  • Ramsay, J G
  • Srikant, C B
  • Patel, Y C
Type
Published Article
Journal
Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesthésie
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1990
Volume
37
Issue
1
Pages
52–57
Identifiers
PMID: 2295106
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study assessed the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic behaviour of alfentanil during and after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Twenty-eight patients with good ventricular function having CABG were divided into three groups and premedicated with morphine 0.1 mg.kg-1 IM, scopolamine 0.005 mg.kg-1 IM and diazepam 0.1 mg.kg-1 PO. Group I patients received an infusion of 250 micrograms.kg-1 of alfentanil over one hour coincidental with a second infusion at 2.5 micrograms.kg-1.min-1 which was continued to the end of surgery. Patients in group II received 300 micrograms.kg-1 and 3.0 micrograms.kg-1.min-1 and patients in group III 350 micrograms.kg-1 and 3.5 micrograms.kg-1.min-1. The tracheas of all patients were intubated after receiving alfentanil 96 micrograms.kg-1 and pancuronium 0.15 micrograms.kg-1. Haemodynamic responses to intubation and surgical stimuli (greater than or equal to 20 per cent increase in heart rate and/or systolic blood pressure from control) were treated with isoflurane, one to two per cent inspired, until abolished. Blood samples were taken during and after surgery for plasma alfentanil concentrations which were determined by radioimmunoassay. After surgery the times to awakening and extubation, and alfentanil elimination half-life (t1/2B = 0.693/-k) were determined for each patient. Haemodynamic responses occurred in 20 patients. There were no significant differences in any variable among the groups. The times to awakening and extubation for all patients were 3.2 +/- 0.6 and 8.8 +/- 1.2 hr (mean +/- SEM) respectively. The elimination half-life for all patients was 5.1 +/- 1.0 hr (mean +/- SEM).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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