Interstitial fluid pressure (P(if)) is a key determinant in increasing the transcapillary driving pressure, pulling fluid from the microcirculation into the interstitial space at the onset of acute inflammatory reactions and the oedema formation associated with these. Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) induces lowering of P(if) in rat skin which increases transcapillary transport of 51Cr-EDTA into the center of a tumor as measured by microdialysis. The aim of this study was twofold: First, to evaluate and develop the microdialysis technique thoroughly with regard to its suitability for investigating transcapillary water transport in rat skin using 51Cr-EDTA as a tracer. Secondly, to evaluate the effect of PGE1 on transcapillary transport of 51Cr-EDTA. This study demonstrates that PGE1 increases transcapillary transport of 51Cr-EDTA into skin interstitium. There were no significant differences between the experimental probe and the control probe when calculations from the entire experiment (90 min) were compared. On the other hand, significant differences were observed by examining the experiment in smaller time intervals. PGE1 increased transcapillary transport of 51Cr-EDTA during the first 15 min when administered through the microdialysis probe. This observation suggests that increased blood flow and/or permeability-surface area product are responsible for raising the transcapillary transport of 51Cr-EDTA, i.e. the transport is diffusion limited. Administration of PGE1 through the probe rather than around the probe resulted in less scatter between experiments than when PGE1 was injected subcutaneously around the probe.