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[Personality disorders in smokers: a review].

Authors
  • Fernández del Río, Elena
  • Becoña Iglesias, Elisardo
Type
Published Article
Journal
Adicciones
Publisher
Socidrogalcohol
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2010
Volume
22
Issue
2
Pages
155–172
Identifiers
PMID: 20549151
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The association between psychopathology and nicotine dependence in smokers has been a relevant topic in recent years. Nevertheless, little is known about personality disorders in smokers. The aim of this article is to review research published nationally and internationally which analyzes the relation between tobacco use and personality disorders. Our review permits us to affirm that research on the presence of Axis II disorders in smokers is rather scarce. Of 12 studies analyzed, it can be concluded that the prevalence of personality disorders in smokers is highly variable (between 9% and 45%), and that, in the majority of the studies, smoking is associated first with the presence of cluster C disorders (dependent, avoidant and obsessive-compulsive), and second, with cluster B disorders (histrionic, narcissistic, borderline and antisocial). Finally, we note the various limitations of previous studies and stress the need to better understand these disorders, given their relevance to the treatment of smokers.

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