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The Persian version of the body esteem scale among Iranian adolescents: a translation, psychometrics, and network analysis

Authors
  • Sharif-Nia, Hamid1, 2
  • Sivarajan Froelicher, Erika3, 4
  • She, Long5
  • Jafari-Koulaee, Azar6
  • Hejazi, Sima7
  • Mosazadeh, Hasan8
  • Goudarzian, Amir Hossein9, 10
  • Hasan Nejad, Ghaem9
  • 1 Psychosomatic Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari
  • 2 Department of Nursing, Amol Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari
  • 3 Department of Physiological Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA , (United States)
  • 4 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA , (United States)
  • 5 Sunway Business School, Sunway University, Sunway , (Malaysia)
  • 6 Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran
  • 7 Bojnurd Faculty of Nursing, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd
  • 8 Department of Psychology, Kazimierz Wielki University of Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz , (Poland)
  • 9 Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Bojnourd
  • 10 Student Research Committee, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Bojnourd
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jan 29, 2024
Volume
15
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2024.1296498
Source
Frontiers
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Psychology
  • Original Research
License
Green

Abstract

Introduction The psychometric properties of the body esteem scale have not been assessed in Iran. Therefore, the aim of this study was to translate and determine the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the body esteem scale among Iranian adolescents. Methods The sample of this methodological study consisted of 504 adolescents [mean age: 16.55 (SD = 1.54) years] living in Tehran City, Iran. After translation of the scale, its content validity (quantitative and qualitative) and structural (exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis), convergent, and discriminant validity were evaluated. Exploratory graph analysis was performed to determine the number of factors. Cronbach’s alpha, composite reliability, and maximal reliability were calculated. Results In the content validity evaluation step, all items had acceptable scores and were retained. The results of exploratory factor analysis with Promax rotation and exploratory graph analysis extracted three factors accounting for 49.49% of the variance, comprising 18 items. Furthermore, after necessary modifications during CFA, the final model was approved. Convergent and discriminant validity were confirmed. Cronbach’s alpha, CR, and MaxR for all constructs were greater than 0.7, demonstrating good internal consistency and construct reliability. Conclusion According to the results, the Persian version of the body esteem scale has a valid structure and acceptable reliability. Health professionals, in many ways, can use this scale.

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