Using(14)C-erythritol, we measured net as well as unidirectional erythritol fluxes. Up to near saturation, net and unidirectional fluxes were virtually identical and linearly related to the erythritol concentration in the medium (isotonic saline). No saturation of the transfer system was observed. At 20°C, a maximum of 60 to 70% of the erythritol flux could be inhibited by glucose, phlorizin, or a combination of both substances. Dinitrofluorobenzene and HgCl2 also reduce erythritol permeability. These findings confirm the earlier conclusion of F. Bowyer and W. F. Widdas that the glucose transport system is involved in erythritol permeation. Glycerol partially inhibits the glucose-phlorizin-sensitive component of erythritol flux, but not the glucose-phlorizin-insensitive component. Apparently glycerol has a slight affinity to that portion of the glucose transport system which is involved in erythritol transfer, whereas the glucosephlorizin-insensitive fraction of erythritol movements is not identical with the glycerol system. This latter inference is supported by the observation that, in contrast to glycerol permeability, erythritol permeability is insensitive to variations of pH or to the addition of copper. The apparent activation energy of the glucose-phlorizin-sensitive and-insensitive fractions of erythritol permeation are 22.2 and 20.7 kcal/mole, respectively. These values are not significantly different from one another.