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Periodontal Disease in Association with Systemic Diseases in the Dog

Authors
  • Penlington, L.1
  • Faixová, Z.1
  • 1 University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Košice, 041 81 , (Slovakia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Folia Veterinaria
Publisher
Sciendo
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2019
Volume
63
Issue
4
Pages
1–8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/fv-2019-0031
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Periodontal disease (PD) is the second most common disease affecting dogs in UK veterinary practices. Veterinary and human literature suggests that periodontal disease may be associated with bacteraemia and a chronic, systemic release of inflammatory mediators which produce direct or immune-mediated changes elsewhere in the body. Thirty canine periodontal patient’s electronic medical histories were analysed for comorbidities. The findings were analysed overall to identify any possible associations. Seventy three percent of these dogs had comorbidities, most commonly haematopoietic, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal and hepatic systems were involved. The most prevalent comorbidities were: high liver enzymes, heart murmur, mitral valve disease, and monocytosis. Other interesting comorbidities were: endocarditis, neutrophilia, submandibular lymph node enlargement and arthritis. Periodontal disease patients had a higher prevalence of disease when compared to the disease prevalence data for UK pet dogs in general. Mitral valve disease was over 17 times more likely in the periodontal disease patients. Comorbidity disease prevalence also increased with more severe periodontal disease stages. This study supports an association between periodontal disease and systemic diseases in the dog. Further studies should focus on confirming a cause and effect relationship. Until then, these data may be useful for veterinarians to examine periodontal patients for concurrent diseases and can be used as a tool to promote dental disease prevention to pet owners.

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