Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Periodontal Conditions of Abutments and Non-Abutments in Removable Partial Dentures over 7 Years of Use.

Authors
  • da Fonte Porto Carreiro, Adriana1
  • de Carvalho Dias, Kássia2
  • Correia Lopes, Ana Lílian1
  • Bastos Machado Resende, Camila Maria1
  • Luz de Aquino Martins, Ana Rafaela1
  • 1 Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Center of Health Science, Natal, Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 2 Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Oral Rehabilitation Program Araraquara School of Dentistry Univ. Estadual Paulista, Araraquara, Brazil. , (Brazil)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of prosthodontics : official journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2017
Volume
26
Issue
8
Pages
644–649
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/jopr.12449
PMID: 26864601
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To evaluate the periodontal conditions and integrity of abutment and non-abutment teeth of patients evaluated 7 years after insertion of the removable partial denture (RPD). Twenty-two patients (17 women, 5 men) were assessed at the moment of denture insertion and 7 years later. The following items were verified in each assessment: bleeding on probing (BP), probing depth (PD), gingival recession (GR), and mobility (M), comparing direct and indirect abutment teeth, and the teeth not involved in the denture design. Tooth integrity was also evaluated and classified as intact when no caries or fractures were observed. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to reveal statistical significance between the groups (p = 0.05) as well as the Bonferrroni-corrected Mann-Whitney test for post hoc comparison. The Wilcoxon test was used for evaluation within the group over time. Fisher's exact test was applied to cross data about abutment integrity. Statistically significant differences were found for GR (baseline, p < 0.001; 7 years, p < 0.001) and PD (baseline, p = 0.001; 7 years = 0.004) between the three groups at baseline and after 7 years of follow-up. Mean BP and M values increased from initial assessment to after 7 years of RPD use in every group, but no statistically significant difference was found between the groups. For abutment integrity, a statistically significant difference (p = 0.028) was observed, and the direct abutment exhibited more (33.3%) caries and fractures. RPDs generated more periodontal damage to direct abutments, since higher gingival recession probing depth indexes, and presence of caries and fractures were observed in comparison to indirect abutments and non-abutments. © 2016 by the American College of Prosthodontists.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times