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Performance characteristics of prostate-specific antigen density and biopsy primary Gleason score to predict biochemical failure in patients with intermediate prostate cancer who underwent radical prostatectomy.

Authors
  • Peng, Chao1
  • Zhang, Jun1
  • Hou, Jianquan1
  • 1 Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China, [email protected] , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cancer Management and Research
Publisher
Dove Medical Press Ltd.
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
Volume
11
Pages
1133–1139
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2147/CMAR.S190443
PMID: 30774441
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Prognosis for intermediate-risk prostate cancer (PCa) remains variable; therefore, we aimed to investigate high-risk factors for biochemical recurrence (BCR), and intermediate-risk PCa using radical prostatectomy to identify patients having equivalent BCR-free survival rates when compared to high-risk PCa. A total of 441 medical records were analyzed, including those of 169 intermediate-risk and 272 high-risk PCa patients. Risk factors for time to BCR were tested and analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, log-rank tests, and Cox proportion hazards models. In the intermediate-risk group, prostate-specific antigen density (PSAD) and primary Gleason pattern were significant preoperative risk factors for BCR. Moreover, BCR-free survival of patients in the intermediate-risk group with a higher PSAD (>0.5 ng/mL/cm3) was comparable with that of patients in the high-risk group (P=0.735). When combining primary Gleason pattern 4 and 3 with PSAD cut-offs 0.3-0.7 ng/mL/cm3, we found that BCR-free survival of patients in the intermediate-risk group with a primary Gleason pattern 4 and PSAD >0.3 ng/mL/cm3 was comparable with that of patients in the high-risk group (P=0.463). PSAD and primary Gleason pattern are potential risk factors associated with biochemical failure in intermediate-risk PCa patients after radical prostatectomy. Regarding significant differences in prognosis according to PSAD as well as primary Gleason pattern on biopsy, a subset of the intermediate-risk patients could be identified with outcomes that were equivalent to that of high-risk patients.

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