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Performance of bipolar forceps during coagulation and its dependence on the tip material: a quantitative experimental assay. Technical note.

Authors
  • Mikami, Takeshi
  • Takahashi, Akira
  • Hashi, Kazuo
  • Gasa, Shinsei
  • Houkin, Kiyohiro
Type
Report
Journal
Journal of neurosurgery
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2004
Volume
100
Issue
1
Pages
133–138
Identifiers
PMID: 14743926
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The aim of this study was to measure objectively the adherence of burned tissue to bipolar forceps to evaluate the coagulation performance of forceps made of different types of metals. Coagulation performance of bipolar forceps made of gold, titanium, and stainless steel was determined by comparing the amount of protein in the adhered coagulum on the tips. The amount of adhered coagulum was significantly less on the gold-plated bipolar forceps than on those made of the other two materials. The ease with which coagulum could be removed was compared using the cleaning cycle of an ultrasonic rinsing device. This ease of removal was also significant with the gold-plated forceps. Electron microscopy observations of the surface of the forceps tips revealed a significant difference in roughness among these materials, and there were also significant differences in wetting tensions. Measuring adherence based on three different types of roughness and wetting tensions of forceps made from the same metal (titanium) also demonstrated a significant difference in the cleaning cycle. Histological examination of an artery coagulated with the gold-plated bipolar forceps showed that the structure had been completely collapsed without destruction of the layers, whereas arteries coagulated with the other materials revealed severely damaged structures. Adherence to bipolar forceps was dependent on both the material in the tips and the roughness of this material. The gold-plated bipolar forceps demonstrated the best performance.

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