Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Perfectionism is increasing over time: A meta-analysis of birth cohort differences from 1989 to 2016.

Authors
  • Curran, Thomas1
  • Hill, Andrew P2
  • 1 Centre for Motivation and Health Behaviour Change, Department for Health, University of Bath.
  • 2 School of Sport, York St John University.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Psychological bulletin
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2019
Volume
145
Issue
4
Pages
410–429
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1037/bul0000138
PMID: 29283599
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

From the 1980s onward, neoliberal governance in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom has emphasized competitive individualism and people have seemingly responded, in kind, by agitating to perfect themselves and their lifestyles. In this study, the authors examine whether cultural changes have coincided with an increase in multidimensional perfectionism in college students over the last 27 years. Their analyses are based on 164 samples and 41,641 American, Canadian, and British college students, who completed the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Hewitt & Flett, 1991) between 1989 and 2016 (70.92% female, Mage = 20.66). Cross-temporal meta-analysis revealed that levels of self-oriented perfectionism, socially prescribed perfectionism, and other-oriented perfectionism have linearly increased. These trends remained when controlling for gender and between-country differences in perfectionism scores. Overall, in order of magnitude of the observed increase, the findings indicate that recent generations of young people perceive that others are more demanding of them, are more demanding of others, and are more demanding of themselves. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times