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Percutaneous transesophageal gastro-tubing for the management of anastomotic leakage after upper GI surgery: a report of two clinical cases

Authors
  • Tamamori, Yutaka1
  • Sakurai, Katsunobu1
  • Kubo, Naoshi1
  • Yonemitsu, Ken1
  • Fukui, Yasuhiro1
  • Nishimura, Junya1
  • Maeda, Kiyoshi1
  • Nishiguchi, Yukio2
  • 1 Osaka City General Hospital, 2-13-22, Miyakojima-hondori, Miyakojima-ku, Osaka, 534-0021, Japan , Osaka (Japan)
  • 2 Osaka City Juso Hospital, 2-12-27, Nonaka-kita, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka, 532-0034, Japan , Osaka (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Surgical Case Reports
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication Date
Aug 24, 2020
Volume
6
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s40792-020-00965-z
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundAnastomotic leakage is a serious, sometimes critical complication of upper gastrointestinal (GI) surgery. The cavity and target drainage tubes are difficult to reach; therefore, a nasogastric tube (NGT) and fasting are required for an extended period. We successfully treated and managed two patients with anastomotic leakage using percutaneous transesophageal gastro-tubing (PTEG).Case presentationIn case 1, a 79-year-old man with gastric cancer underwent total gastrectomy; 1 week later, he underwent emergent open laparotomy due to panperitonitis attributed to anastomotic leakage-related jejunojejunostomy. We resected the portion between esophagojejunostomy and jejunojejunostomy and reconstructed it using the Roux-en-Y technique. On postoperative day (POD) 9, anastomotic leakage was diagnosed at the esophagojejunostomy site and jejunotomy staple line. After using a circular stapler for jejunojejunostomy, a stapled jejunal closure was added. We inserted an NGT and performed aspiration for bowel decompression. As he did not improve within 2 weeks, we decided to perform PTEG to free him of the NGT. We kept performing intermittent aspiration; leakage stopped shortly after, due to effective inner drainage. The PTEG catheter was removed after oral intake was restarted. In case 2, an 81-year-old man with esophagogastric junction cancer underwent resection of the distal esophagus and proximal stomach. After shaping the remnant stomach, esophagogastrostomy was performed under the right thoracotomy. On POD 11, anastomotic leakage was identified, along with a mediastinal abscess. We inserted an NGT into the abscess cavity through the anastomotic leakage site. On POD 25, we performed PTEG and inserted a drainage tube, instead of an NGT. Although the abscess cavity disappeared, anastomotic leakage persisted as a fistula. We exchanged the PTEG with a double elementary diet (W-ED) tube with jejunal extension, with the side hole located near the anastomosis. The anastomotic fistula disappeared after treatment. Dysphagia persisted due to disuse atrophy of swallowing musculature; PTEG was useful for enteral feeding, even after the leakage occurred.ConclusionPatients are sometimes forced to endure pain for a long time for transnasal inner drainage. Using PTEG, patients will be free of sinus pain and discomfort; PTEG should be helpful for patients withstanding NGT.

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