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Percutaneous fluoroscopically guided placement of peritoneal dialysis catheters--a 10-year experience.

Authors
  • Vaux, Emma C
  • Torrie, Peter H
  • Barker, Lindsey C
  • Naik, Ramesh B
  • Gibson, Matthew R
Type
Published Article
Journal
Seminars in dialysis
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2008
Volume
21
Issue
5
Pages
459–465
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/j.1525-139X.2008.00463.x
PMID: 18764797
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters maybe inserted surgically or percutaneously. Since 1997, 209 patients in our unit have had a PD catheter inserted percutaneously with fluoroscopic guidance. Data on all these PD catheters were collected prospectively on a PROTON computer database. 5/209 (2.4%) insertion attempts were abandoned. 204 catheters were successfully placed giving an initial technical success of 97.6%. 200/204 catheters were used for dialysis. 13/200 (6.5%) catheters developed early exit site infections; 12/13 were successfully treated and dialysis proceeded uneventfully. 3/200 (1.5%) catheters developed early peritonitis; 1/3 was removed as antibiotic treatment was unsuccessful. 10/200 (5%) catheters developed an early leak; 2/10 did not resolve with conservative therapy and were removed. 14/200 (7%) catheters did not allow sufficient fluid entry for PD; all 14 had migrated out of the pelvis and were removed. In total, 18/200 (9%) catheters were removed in the first 2 months due to these early complications. The remaining 182/200 (91%) were fully functional for PD. Technical survival (excluding patient death with a functioning catheter and successful kidney transplantation) at 1, 2, and 5 years was 77%, 61%, and 31%, respectively. Our 10 year experience of PD catheters inserted percutaneously with fluoroscopic guidance demonstrates a high technical success and a low complication rate. The data presented may be used as the standard for this technique.

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