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Percutaneous absorption and metabolism of [14C]-ethoxycoumarin in a pig ear skin model

  • Jacques, Carine
  • Perdu, Elisabeth
  • Dorio, Céline
  • Bacqueville, Daniel
  • Mavon, Alain
  • Zalko, Daniel
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2010
DOI: 10.1016/j.tiv.2010.04.006
OAI: oai:HAL:hal-02665942v1
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The biotransformation of chemicals by the skin can be a critical determinant of systemic exposure in humans following dermal absorption. Pig ear skin, which closely resembles human skin, is a candidate ex vivo alternative model for the investigation of xenobiotics penetration and metabolism. We developed an ex vivo pig ear skin model and explored its absorption, diffusion and metabolic capabilities using the model compound 14C-ethoxycoumarin (7-EC). Experimentations were undertaken on pig ear skin explants after application of various 14C-EC doses. Diffusion was quantified as well as the production of 7-EC metabolites resulting from phases I and II enzyme activities, using radio-HPLC. After 48 h, most of the radioactivity was absorbed and was recovered in culture media (70%) or in the skin itself (10%). 7-EC metabolites were identified as 7-hydroxycoumarin (OH–C) and the corresponding sulfate (S–O–C) and glucuronide (G–O–C) conjugates. Their formation followed Michaelis–Menten kinetics with saturation reached around 100 μM of 7-EC. Results demonstrate that dermal absorption as well as phases I and II enzymatic activities of pig skin are both functional. This model should represent a valuable alternative for the study of the transdermal exposure to chemicals, combining a functional dermal barrier and active biotransformation capabilities.

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