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Perceived barriers to and facilitators of physical activity in people living with HIV: A qualitative study in a French sample.

Authors
  • Gray, Laura1
  • Schuft, Laura2
  • Bergamaschi, Alessandro2
  • Filleul, Valentine1
  • Colson, Serge S1
  • d'Arripe-Longueville, Fabienne1
  • 1 LAMHESS, Université Côte d'Azur, Nice, France. , (France)
  • 2 URMIS, Université Côte d'Azur, Nice, France. , (France)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Chronic illness
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2021
Volume
17
Issue
2
Pages
111–128
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1742395319826638
PMID: 30808204
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The benefits of physical activity in people living with HIV (PLHIV) are numerous and are largely reported in the literature. Understanding why PLHIV engage or not in physical activity is key to better accompanying health behaviors. Through a qualitative approach, our study sought to identify barriers to and facilitators of physical activity participation in PLHIV. PLHIV were recruited by purposive sampling. Semi-structured interviews were carried-out in Center and Southern France. The data were analyzed following the principals of thematic analysis. Physical activity level was assessed through questions related to physical activity recommendations and a physical activity questionnaire. Fifteen semi-structured interviews (seven men and eight women; Mage = 46.6; SD = 10.3) were analyzed. Only a third of our sample was considered physically active with almost half being considered inactive according to recommendations. A multidimensional perspective of physical activity barriers and facilitators emerged. Barriers to and facilitators of physical activity were related to the physical, psychological and socio-environmental domains. Our research sought to better understand the beliefs and attitudes of PLHIV towards physical activity. Physical activity was overall viewed as beneficial by both active and less active PLHIV; however, PLHIV remain insufficiently active. This is discussed through our multidimensional approach of the barriers to and facilitators of physical activity.

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