This study was conducted in rural areas in the districts of Bekasi, Karawang and in urban areas at Central, South, East and North Jakarta in 1986. The way how to take care of the dog by the owner in rural and urban areas influenced the bite cases and the positive rate of rabies among dogs. This difference in vaccination lates of dogs in rural and urban areas is statistically significant (p < 0.05). 65.5% dog owners in rural and 24.0% in urban populations let their dog run around loosely out side the house. In rural areas 82.3% of the Moslem dominated population let their dogs run free as compared to only 37.2% in urban areas. Of non Moslem population in rural area 28.2% let their dog run free as compared to 19.6% population in urban area. The Moslem families in rural areas who tight their dogs were about 0.6% while non Moslem families were 8.4%. In the urban areas the Moslem and non Moslem families have no differences about 5.4% tight their dogs. Non Moslem families in rural and urban areas used to take care of their dog inside the fence (32.4%) while in Moslem population 10.8% in rural, but in the urban areas non Moslem were 42.0% and Moslem 48.2%. The total vaccination coverage was 43.5%, 10.8% in the rural and 55.2% in urban areas. Rabies certificate vaccination owners in rural were 86,1%, and in urban were 70.9%. The study need to be continued in order to determine the dog owner behaviors which influence the dog population increase as a factor influencing the succes of rabies control program in Indonesia.