We report the case of a 74-year-old man found to have an extensive intramural hematoma (IMH) in the infrarenal abdominal aorta during a follow-up imaging study performed after repair of a DeBakey type II aortic dissection with an aortic arch true aneurysm. Enhanced computed tomographic scan and angiography revealed an extensive IMH and multiple penetrating atherosclerotic ulcers in the abdominal aorta. The patient underwent a successful replacement of the affected abdominal aorta using a collagen-impregnated woven Dacron graft. Atheromatous ulcers are known to occur frequently in patients with advanced atherosclerosis. Hence, the elderly hypertensive patient, being at high risk of developing a variety of aortic disorders, requires careful follow-up imaging studies to assess the aorta on a regular basis.