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Pediatric parapneumonic pleural effusion: epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and microbiological diagnosis.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pediatric pulmonology
Publication Date
Volume
44
Issue
12
Pages
1192–1200
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/ppul.21114
PMID: 19911359
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

There has been an increase in the incidence of PPE that parallels the increase in CAP. S. pneumoniae remains the principal causal agent, and NVS clearly predominate. The use of PCR to detect S. pneumoniae substantially increases etiologic diagnosis. The use of antigen assays to detect pneumococcus in pleural fluid is a quick and sensitive diagnostic method, and thus a valid alternative to PCR.

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