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Pediatric Health Outcome Evaluation in Low-and Middle-Income Countries: A Scoping Review of NGO Practice

Authors
  • Taylor, Jennifer1
  • Forgeron, Paula1
  • Vandyk, Amanda1
  • Finley, Allen2
  • Lightfoot, Sophie1
  • 1 University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  • 2 Dalhousie University & IWK Health Centre, Halifax, NS, Canada
Type
Published Article
Journal
Global Pediatric Health
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Feb 05, 2021
Volume
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/2333794X21991011
PMID: 33614849
PMCID: PMC7868502
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study was to explore the research on the delivery and evaluation of pediatric health services by non-governmental organizations in low-and middle-income countries to better understand how they contribute to positive and sustainable health outcomes. Methods. A scoping review was completed using a 2-step study selection procedure. Results. Of the 5742 studies, 17 met criteria, including quantitative and mixed method designs, representing 10 different non-governmental organizations with programs in 33 low-and middle-income countries. Health outcomes were reported 89 times across the studies. A total of 56 different outcomes were identified in total, of which 24 were positive, 27 were negative, and 5 were unchanged. Conclusions. Widespread variation between non-governmental organizations exist, however, comprehensive pediatric health outcome evaluation is growing. Further emphasis should be given to adolescent specific research and robust measurement of quality of life.

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