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Peace engineering: The contribution of blockchain systems to the e-voting process

Authors
  • Baudier, Patricia1
  • Kondrateva, Galina2
  • Ammi, Chantal3
  • Seulliet, Eric4
  • 1 EM Normandie Business School, Métis Lab, 64, rue Ranelagh, 75016 Paris, France
  • 2 EDC Paris Business School, 70, Galerie des Damiers, 92400 Courbevoie, France
  • 3 Institut Mines-Télécom Business School, 9, rue Charles Fourier, 91000 Evry-Courcouronnes, France
  • 4 La Fabrique du Futur, 23/25, rue Jean-Jacques Rousseau, 75001 Paris, France
Type
Published Article
Journal
Technological Forecasting and Social Change
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Oct 14, 2020
Volume
162
Pages
120397–120397
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120397
PMID: 33071364
PMCID: PMC7554464
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

In recent decades, several countries have faced political tensions due to citizens’ perceptions that their elections are fraudulent; some electors have even chosen not to vote because they believe that the results may be falsified. Thus, electoral fraud is a major issue. E-governance and e-voting are now being used in many countries, some of which are investigating blockchain solutions. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential contributions of blockchain technology to peace on a worldwide level by securing voting systems. Unfortunately, this technology is complex and could potentially generate conflict between actors in elections. Taking an exploratory approach, the authors chose a qualitative method to address this specific topic. Election observers and blockchain experts were interviewed to identify the technology's strengths and weaknesses. Our results emphasize the importance of trust and human factors in the voting process.

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