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Paul Broca (1824-1880): founder of anthropology, pioneer of neurology and oncology.

Authors
  • Androutsos, G1
  • Diamantis, A
  • 1 Department of History of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece. [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of B.U.ON. : official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Publication Date
2007
Volume
12
Issue
4
Pages
557–564
Identifiers
PMID: 18067221
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Paul Broca was an eminent surgeon, neurologist and anthropologist. He wrote many articles on brain anatomy, pathology of bones and joints, aneurysms, craniometry and physical anthropology, and he invented measuring instruments which are used even today. He described the condition of aphasia, called Broca's aphasia. Over a dozen anatomical features, including parts of the brain governing speech and smell, have made his name familiar to students. Thanks to his works on cancer and on tumors in general, he is considered as precursor of oncology.

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