We examined pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (PRVEPs) in 36 adult patients with Down's syndrome, and analyzed the effects of the ophthalmological abnormalities on results of PRVEPs. The P100 latency was significantly delayed in 24 eyes of 16 patients. The P100 latency was significantly longer and its amplitude was significantly smaller (P < 0.001) in Down's syndrome patients than in age-matched normal controls. In 9 patients without any ophthalmological abnormalities, P100 latency showed no significant difference from that in normal controls, but three of them showed a significant delay of P100. Their P100 amplitudes were significantly smaller than those in normal controls. Therefore, we considered that the ophthalmological abnormalities are one of the main factors causing PRVEPs abnormalities in Down's syndrome patients, but some unknown factors should be also responsible.